Dark circles around the eyes, as well as eye bags and puffy eyelids, can be caused by a number of factors other than the intrinsic aging process. Dr. Sneh Thadani explains it all…
Allergies and nasal congestion, atopic dermatitis, pigmentation irregularities sun exposure, smoking and drinking alcohol and caffeinated beverages can be the cause of dark shadowy eyes. But sometimes it’s simply a matter of genetics, and dark circles are passed down from one family member to another.
Being a dermatologist I understand that dark circles that appear due to exams emotional stress or prolonged illness fade with time. However if your dark circles do not fade, then they might be due to the structural changes at the level of skin, bone or vessels. According to medical experts, possible dark circles causes include issue related to facial aging lifestyle choices and other causes, which include the following.
Facial aging and dark circles
- Volume loss or fat descent in the cheeks
- Under eye volume loss
- Lower eyelid (canthus) laxity
- Thinning under eye skin
- Bulging under eye fat
Lifestyle choices and under eye circles
- Hyper pigmentation caused by sun damage
- Caffeine consumption
- Alcohol consumption
- Sleep deprivation
- Dietary deficiencies
Dark circles under eyes treatment
Before undergoing dark circles treatment it is important to know exactly what is causing the dark circles. At SSD Hospital we follow few certain steps in understanding the cause treatment suitable for the cause and the results desired. A detailed history and facial analysis with the doctor helps us understand the cause of the dark circle and the modality of treatment needed to get the desired results. Common procedures doctors recommend to get rid of dark circles include the following:
Dark circle eye cream
Skin lightening with topical bleaching agents may be recommended by your dermatologist to reduce dark circles caused by hyper pigmentation from melasma or sun damage creams which contains hydroquione are often recommended ae are products that contain kojic acid vitamins c and k, green tea, and licorice. Sun protection: sunscreens are a must in prevention of appearance of further dark circles and even maintaining the achieved results.
Skin resurfacing for under eye circles
Laser resurfacing and chemical peel may be used to help reduce dark circles by increasing collagen production decreasing pigmentation problems, and improving overall skin quality.
Hyaluronic acid facial fillers for dark circles
Injectable fillers containing hyaluronic acid are often used to correct dark circles created by thinning under eye skin or fat and tissue loss in the under eyes or upper cheeks.
Cheek lift to correct darkening under eyes
A cheek lift or mid facelift, can effectively and permanently correct dark circles caused by cheek descent or drooping a common result of facing aging.
In addition to treating dark circles a cheek lift may be performed to reduce under eye puffiness and deep nasolabial folds.
Pre-platelet rich plasma therapy
PRP is blood plasma that has been enriched with platelets As a concentrated source of autologous platelets, PRP contains several different growth factors and other cytokines that can stimulate healing of soft tissue.
PRP helps in increased stimulation of collagen improves the circulation giving a more youthful under eye.
Dark eye circle prevention
There are simple things you can do to alleviate dark circles under your eyes. Sometimes the problem is mirror or temporary in which case an inexpensive home treatment may be appropriate.
- .Diet a well balanced diet rich in iron, vitamin k, vitamin c not only reduces your dark circles but also gives a healthy glow to the skin.
- Sleep Both lack of sleep and excessive sleep, should be addressed. Research now shows that 6.5 to 7.5 hours of sleep at night with 15-20 minutes power naps in the day time is sufficient.
- Consumption of excessive alcohol, smoking, caffeinated sodas, addictive drugs, etc. should be avoided.
.Sun protection: Wearing good quality sunglasses and applying sunscreen daily on the the under eye area will reduce the sun damage to the delicate skin for eyes.
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Dr. Sneh Thadani
MBBS DNB DERMATOLOGY
Head of Dermatology Department, SSD Hospital