Dr. Sneh Thadani of SSD Hospital skin department explains the importance of understanding the cause and depth of pigmentation on the face in order to treat and find a suitable treatment for it.
Unwanted pigmentation problems, like brown spots or splotchy skin, have many causes and can occur in all skin types. Pigmentation, or darkish discoloration of the face, is a very common problem among Indians.
Fortunately, dermatologists have investigated a variety of skin-lightening methods and have developed many promising treatments. Depending on the severity and extent of the pigmentation problem, we at SSD Hospital can tailor a patient’s treatment based on his or her individual skin tone, and the treatment may include a single therapy or a combination of one to two therapies.
Dark spots or hyper pigmentation is caused by various factors such as overexposure to the sun, hormonal imbalance (it can occur in people who are on oral contraceptives or hormonal supplementation for medical reasons), Although hyper pigmentation doesn’t pose any potential threat to the skin, it often reduces the brightness of skin, gives it an uneven appearance and makes us self-conscious. Although there are many reasons for pigmentation, the most common one is known as melasma or the “mask of pregnancy”. There are other reasons too like:
Underlying medical problems such as liver disease or kidney disease tend to cause pigmentation of the face.
Hyper-Pigmentation Indian skin is exposed to UV light and it runs the risk of healing with pigmentation. This is the reason why many people heal with pigmentation after undergoing LASER for skin tightening or acne scars.
Allergic rashes on the face can heal with pigmentation or can even cause pigmentation.
Use of Perfumes
Some perfumes contain a chemical called bergamot oil which, when sprayed on skin, causes it to pigment on exposure to UV light.
Indiscriminate Use of Fairness Creams
Many fairness creams, including some over the-counter creams, contain hydroqui none. When they are used for years together, they form deposits on the skin and can cause a greyish-brown pigmentation of the skin called ochronosis.
Certain medications sensitise the skin to UV light, and when people taking these medications go out without using protective sunscreen, their
skin tends to suffer pigmentation. Certain medicated creams also carry this risk. It is important to discuss your detailed medical history with your doctor and list out all the tablets and creams that you use.
Damage causes pigmentation problems in light- skinned individuals. The main cause of dark spots in light-skinned individuals is sun damage. Years of sun exposure can result in spotted hyper pigmentation, a condition marked by increased pigment production that results in patchy skin color or a blotchy complexion. The extent of sun damage depends largely on a person’s skin color and his or her history of long-term or intense sun exposure.
Individuals more prone to hard-to-treat pigmentation problems. Two of the most common pigmentation problems that occur in people with darker skin tones are melasma and post in flammatory hyper pigmentation. Melasma is a patchy brown discoloration that occurs on sun-exposed areas of the face and is commonly referred to as “the mask of pregnancy” because it often occurs during pregnancy. Those with light skin can develop melasma, but the condition is more common in dark skin. Because a deeper skin layer (the dermis) may be affected, melasma can be difficult to treat and requires a multifaceted treatment regimen.
Post-inflammatory hyper pigmentation
(PIH) is a condition in which an injury or inflammation to the skin causes increased pigment production. PIH occurs in darker-skinned individuals and, like melasma, can be difficult to treat when it involves a deeper skin layer. The most common cause of PIH is acne, but it also can result from psoriasis, a burn, or an injury.
It is important to address the underlying cause of the pigmentation problem. For example, to treat PIH due to acne So if you are suffering from any kind of pigmentation book a detailed consultation with Dr Sneh Thadani.
Read More Article From Dr Sneh Thadani: Remedies to Fix Acne Pigmentation
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Dr. Sneh Thadani
MBBS DNB DERMATOLOGY
Head of Dermatology Department, SSD Hospital