One of the first preparations for knee replacement surgery is mental and emotional preparation. It is important to reduce outside distractions in your life, such as additional projects.
Awareness is key in the preparation stage of surgery. Be aware of all aspects of the operation, without becoming fixated on an end result. Also, be aware of your environment and the instructions that are given to you by doctors, nurses, and specialists. Taking an active role in learning about your surgery can lead to a more relaxed and positive attitude toward it.
There are books available for information and as well as its there on the net, Prepare for Surgery, Heal Faster. It helped many patients of mine.
Your surgeon might ask you to have a physical examination, but there are some additional ways you can prepare your health. Eating properly, quitting smoking and getting enough rest are the most important lifestyle changes to make prior to knee replacement surgery. Make sure that you are well nourished and as close as possible to the normal weight for your body mass.
Studies have shown that obesity leads to knee surgery complications. A dietary consult is recommended prior to surgery if you think you may be obese. Start the process of losing weight early on and continue to lose weight after the surgery so that your recovery is a successful one.
Develop a relationship with your surgeon before the operation and make sure you get all of your questions answered. Learn what the surgery involves and what you can do as a patient. Trust is a key factor in patient-surgeon relations.
Make sure you communicate with other specialists, internists, and regular doctors about your surgery. Discuss anesthesia with your anesthesiologist. Inform them of any problems you may have had with anesthesia in the past.
It is also important for your separate physicians to communicate with each other about your surgery. If you have a cardiologist, put him or her into contact with your surgeon.
Depending on your specific type of surgery, a doctor or therapist will most likely recommend a certain set of exercises. These exercises will likely be prescribed to improve your range of motion, strength, and flexibility – to minimize tightness after the surgery. Most of these exercises involve stretching, not fitness. Speak to your doctor or therapist about the proper techniques.
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Dr. Rajesh Badiyani
Orthopaedics & Joint Replacement Surgeon,
SSD Hospital Navi Mumbai